The South African education system under Apartheid was a highly discriminatory institution that upheld racist policies. Implemented in 1953 as part of these policies, the Bantu Education Act separated black and white education, leading to decades of inequality that perpetuated the ideology of white superiority. Although student and teacher resistance to Bantu Education loosened the system’s harsh policies, it was not until the official end of Apartheid in 1994 that the nation could build toward educational equality.
In the 19th century, the population of Britain experienced a sudden increase in infant mortality rates. The rise of industrial capitalism, as well as the subordination of women, created an unfortunate set of circumstances for parents living in the poorer areas of Britain. When combined with prevalence of diseases such as Cholera and smallpox, in addition to unsuitable living conditions, keeping a child alive was a challenge for many lower class British families.
In 2014, Liberia was faced with the worst Ebola outbreak in history. This outbreak is not only significant because of its severity, but also because of the initial national and international responses to it. Editorial cartoons created during this Ebola outbreak identify major criticisms of these initial responses while also revealing the flaws in how the world responds to epidemics in West Africa.
The 2014 Ebola outbreak in West Africa has ravaged the region in a way that goes far beyond physical illness. Sierra Leone, in particular, has been hard hit by the epidemic that has seemingly caused international panic on a significant scale.
Il Duce Rises to Power
King Victor Emmanuel III appointed Benito Mussolini as the Prime Minister of Italy just six months after the man who would come to be called Il Duce, delivered this speech. On October 28, 1922 a crowd of Mussolini's Fascist supporters, clad in their infamous black shirts, assembled on the outskirts of Rome and triumphantly marched into the city in the 'March on Rome.'
This dramatic ascension to power marked the beginning of two decades of Fascist rule in Italy and led to a radical transformation of the city of Rome.
During the nineteenth century European nations expanded their empires, particularly the world power Great Britain, as well as France and the emerging power of Germany. The Industrial Revolution and capitalism played large parts in this expansion of empire. A need for new markets and resources encouraged these industrialized, capitalistic nations to expand their colonial holdings to maintain their economically competitive status as a world power.
In the latter half of the nineteenth century, depictions of seductive femmes fatales skyrocketed in popularity. Alluring women tinged with the promise of danger became a widely depicted subject in European art. Why did artists and audiences turn to these figures? What drew them to the stories and legends behind these beautiful, deadly women?